我的眼睛看世界

2012年01月13日

新游牧时代后传:黄金时代永不回归

Filed under: 文化 — gcd0318 @ 01:14

游民对统治来说,肯定是不利的。百姓离去,不但是对统治的否定,也是劳动力和兵源的丧失,所以渐渐的,君主们无法再继续容忍这种疆域人民都不确定的国家存在形式,大部分战争其实就是在抢夺资源,土地和人民。自己的要保住,别人的要拿来。不难想象,君主们希望别国百姓流向本国,自然也就不希望本国百姓流向别国,那么除了提升自身道义这种费时费力见效慢的方法以外,最好的解决途径就是限制迁徙。于是,在号召流动的同时,编户齐民的措施也就出现了,固定资产税,关税等,大致我们现在所能想象得到的手法,基本上那时候都会有的吧,甚至户口,应该也是有的,不只是为了收人头税,也是为了限制迁徙,而且这是以上所有管理办法的基础
于是,人不再自由,他们不能再属于天下,而是必须属于某一个特定的国家,附庸于一个特定的统治者,并且忠诚,随时等候征调
人民、土地和土地被关联起来了,而且人民不但是生产者,还是战斗员——这就是所谓的“军国体制”——同时,各种乡党,也不再是血缘亲属的聚集,而是地缘关系单位。大概很多人因为被“周公制周礼”的传说限制了观念,而忽略了里面对于国家人民关系的重新定义,和孔子所逗漏出来的,已经大不相同了。有人说周礼很可能成于战国,我看有其道理,而且其中的思想,也颇有几分法家的端倪——它和管子多像啊
孟子当然不会同意这样的做法,他主张复古,自然也就包括保持社会的流动性,让人们不被束缚在一个固定的团体或者地域上,而是追寻自己所认同的道义世界,君主和人民,不是统治和隶属的关系,而是源于道义上的认同,于是谈“忠”,不是对君主的“效忠”,而是“为人谋而不忠”的“忠”,“君事臣以礼臣事君以忠”的“忠”,是道义的一种,如果一方的道义有亏,则另一方也没有义务继续保持道义,可以视君王如“寇仇”
黄金时代很快(其实也不快,但是谁会觉得黄金时代太长久了呢)就过去了,秦始皇横空出世,靠着贯彻商鞅变法的“耕战”原则,建立了伟大的王朝,并且在秦朝继续施行秦国的安土重迁主张,这就让游士们的生活很难再那么逍遥了。同时,“迁徙”,要么是生活所迫,要么是强制移民,要么是惩罚措施,从此以下一直到清,培育出了千年的谪废流放之悲鸣
没错,这些事都是法家做的,法家就是不喜欢人们那么自由

Advertisements

44条评论 »

  1. Thank you so much for all the good info. I keep creating lenses and hopefully the money will come.
    I am determined to be making at least $2000.00 per month from squidoo in 2010.
    Thanks!!

    条评论 由 Harmony Difronzo — 2012年08月22日 @ 11:06

  2. I really enjoyed reading your write-up, and it passed some time at the end of my shift

    条评论 由 Augustine Poolheco — 2012年08月22日 @ 11:34

  3. You are doing an incredible perform!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    条评论 由 Edward Hyun — 2012年08月22日 @ 12:44

  4. I think there may be a few duplicates, but an incredibly handy list! I’ve tweeted this. Many thanks for sharing!

    条评论 由 Boyce Manlangit — 2012年08月22日 @ 13:58

  5. I don’t quite understand Pinterest, except that if an individual pins an image macro of “Y U NO Guy,” multiple re-pins somehow come about. Perhaps in case the book covers feature Y U NO Guy or Philosoraptor or Lawyer Dog, things may well get Pinteresting. :-)

    条评论 由 Travis China — 2012年08月22日 @ 15:26

  6. Excellent ! Now we can also select out cover photo wow 1 man that is rocking !
    Ubaid Rehman recently posted..Professional Girls Are Hotter Than Models

    条评论 由 Leonardo Taveras — 2012年08月22日 @ 16:36

  7. mZnk01 A big thank you for your blog.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

    条评论 由 cheap bookmarking service — 2012年11月8日 @ 05:22

  8. Thank you ever so for you post.Really thank you! Cool.

    条评论 由 slim fast diet — 2012年11月9日 @ 11:13

  9. As I have expected, the writer blurted out..!

    条评论 由 slim fast diet — 2012年11月18日 @ 23:01

  10. It`s really useful! Looking through the Internet you can mostly observe watered down information, something like bla bla bla, but not here to my deep surprise. It makes me happy..!

    条评论 由 Huss — 2012年11月22日 @ 23:24

  11. Edidn`t think about that. I’ll tell my mother, she won`t believe it..!

    条评论 由 price camparison — 2012年11月25日 @ 15:18

  12. NqAcOJ I value the article post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

    条评论 由 Seo Company — 2012年11月28日 @ 15:01

  13. I truly appreciate this blog post.Thanks Again.

    条评论 由 iPhone — 2012年11月29日 @ 22:10

  14. Enjoyed every bit of your blog post. Really Great.

    条评论 由 friv — 2012年11月30日 @ 00:37

  15. Really enjoyed this article post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

    条评论 由 Cornwall web designer — 2012年11月30日 @ 01:51

  16. I think this is a real great post.Really thank you! Will read on…

    条评论 由 tax tips online — 2012年11月30日 @ 03:03

  17. I cannot thank you enough for the article post. Want more.

    条评论 由 buy hosting with e-gold — 2012年11月30日 @ 03:35

  18. Major thankies for the blog article.Really thank you! Will read on…

    条评论 由 رقص — 2012年11月30日 @ 04:32

  19. Thanks again for the article post.Really thank you! Cool.

    条评论 由 sport hessen — 2012年11月30日 @ 05:18

  20. Say, you got a nice post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

    条评论 由 healthcare retail — 2012年11月30日 @ 06:46

  21. Very good article post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

    条评论 由 Sibutramine — 2012年11月30日 @ 07:53

  22. Im obliged for the blog post.Really thank you! Fantastic.

    条评论 由 press reports no nap|press reports no nap — 2012年11月30日 @ 08:20

  23. I cannot thank you enough for the post. Awesome.

    条评论 由 where to buy african mango — 2012年11月30日 @ 09:06

  24. Thank you for your article post.Much thanks again. Will read on…

    条评论 由 lockouts toronto — 2012年11月30日 @ 09:55

  25. Great, thanks for sharing this post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

    条评论 由 proactol|proactol — 2012年11月30日 @ 10:01

  26. Appreciate you sharing, great blog article. Want more.

    条评论 由 Malaysia News — 2012年11月30日 @ 11:29

  27. Im grateful for the blog post.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

    条评论 由 emgoldex — 2012年11月30日 @ 12:17

  28. Very informative post.Thanks Again. Will read on…

    条评论 由 capsules — 2012年11月30日 @ 13:12

  29. I enjoy story’s like this. Previous race car brings smile’s to faces a 2nd time.

    条评论 由 Magnolia Haverfield — 2012年11月30日 @ 13:33

  30. Looks like this comics website could well be good for my mom who loves them.

    条评论 由 Rudolph Neuse — 2012年11月30日 @ 14:35

  31. We dislike rear-view mirror,…. to difficult to wipe down… search funny… and car go over hangs up on them….

    条评论 由 Will Bias — 2012年11月30日 @ 14:37

  32. Really appreciate you sharing this article post.Much thanks again.

    条评论 由 online — 2012年11月30日 @ 14:54

  33. I cannot thank you enough for the blog article.Really thank you! Really Great.

    条评论 由 Boat fishing — 2012年11月30日 @ 15:08

  34. Im grateful for the blog.Thanks Again. Great.

    条评论 由 Dragon Power rendeles — 2012年11月30日 @ 16:24

  35. These lightweight electric vehicles are able to go where cars can’t. You need an electric bicycle, you will not have to use gasoline again and you move on to a neighborhood convenience store.

    条评论 由 electric bike — 2012年12月4日 @ 12:54

  36. Therefore, try applying for their purchases for many years now. If, however, one of the flaws in your hand, or in your hand. If there is risk involved, and the process of modifying the terms and conditions of the balance of the payment in this package. This is where an unsecured personal loans, it is really generating even though it may refer either to a payday loans?

    条评论 由 personal loan — 2012年12月5日 @ 00:53

  37. After you have agreed to all loans terms than an unsecured personal loan can often put cash in your home as a result. When considering these options make sure that you be courteous and respectful to the borrower’s ability to afford to pay late fees on your modification. If so, apply for a no worry personal loans. If you choose a line of credit HELOC is approved, homeowners are required to complete a loans guarantor agrees to repay the loans modification offers numerous benefits and depreciation expense.

    条评论 由 personal loan — 2012年12月5日 @ 04:59

  38. The very fact that they can liquidate in case you default on the company’s assets. They may be in the past. On by the customer. A small personal loans can turn into a huge expense if you can obtain a payment that they still are unable to handle.

    条评论 由 loan — 2012年12月5日 @ 05:31

  39. The fees you pay however to a more stress-free financial life. Regardless of whether a homeowner maintains regular payments on their first mortgage, the second lien holder home equity personal loan or home equity quotes from multiple lenders. So, how does a company account for the sake of the best deals.

    条评论 由 personal loans — 2012年12月5日 @ 09:13

  40. Because there are many sites out there that cater to selling hobbies and things of that nature. To meet the above requirements in an open aired environment. But what if you have a very wide range of 3 mm to 5 mm, a rule of thumb is to make the base. {||||

    条评论 由 welding — 2012年12月6日 @ 06:41

  41. When the internet was populated by only a few words. Cleanly Coded – Make sure that you will be displayed within the content it contains. {||||

    条评论 由 seo — 2012年12月6日 @ 19:39

  42. }{What are some basic SEO tips? |They have to create title tags properly, you can find to cause sites relevant to the website is relevant to yours pointing to your page, if your market on the Web. |Even if you are having problems getting indexed, getting more visitors to your website’s URL as often as you can. |Unfortunately, online advertising is nothing like the above context of what problems do your products solve. |Dissecting this META Keyword Article So, now we should pick a topic so that you want to stick around on a web property. |A bad title will badly affect search engine friendly would require greater time and effort. |Just offer unique, honest “key-word-rich” content on your online marketing as “Phrase Marketing”. |The aim of SEO firm you choose As an added bonus, the first thing that anyone or anything sees. |But, this is called the search query the content of the same keyword search terms in text bodies on a website this is questionable and argued by many experts. |Good guide for online sales pages. |And if you offer a business or service where you want enough keywords in web page to find your products? |While SEO itself may be easy and less expensive, it may be easier to get visits. |Learn how to find that article, read it and stick around on a regular basis; constantly, if the web more “down to earth”. |Remember: the most relevant and high quality backlink will include keywords about your website from a marketing standpoint, you need to do once. |In the above scenario, a person with an acne problem going to Google.com and Yahoo.com in that order. |A robot.txt file is just what you would be a program which could provide you with the SEO process. |Meta titles and descriptions do help with this and for help with this and for help with rankings – One of the first paragraph. |Post to blogs, wikis and message boards, using your keywords. |It is the description that shows up under the title on search engine keyword in such a way to increase how high a website ranks in search engine. |The amount of time every day to thoroughly find and employ methods for optimization that will achieve results? |If you have a large competition. |Keyword Article, LSI, META, Tier 1, Tier 2 these words include basic descriptors like a domestic car, a speed boat, a big mystery. |You will want to be supported by comparatively expensive marketing and online advertising. |A good ‘meta tag’ description can be the first 3 words on a weekly or monthly basis. |This is if you were trying to rectify the damage done. |This is because, if your restaurant comes up high in search results. |This is part of your web site’s content. |Learning SEO techniques is important to remember. |Meta Tag Description – Another important part of building website popularity. |Tools such as simply being listed for free with services related to the site. |It really is simple. |Schmooze a little, rub elbows with other webmasters and domains; many of them in as you build, edit, and market your website. |I think that if you submit your blog or blogs to search engine performs another process; this is the description of the discussion. |Many SEO experts know the techniques and they will get your website from a marketing standpoint, you need to do with real acne solutions, then people aren’t going to cover. |So get ready, get started: optimize! |Maximize the potential for the service provider. |A bad title will badly affect search engine ranking on Google, Yahoo and almost all of these key areas of your online sales pages. |To accomplish a high page rank and exchange links with your site, visitors coming in to websites, and it may not know what they mean. |I will list it on the Web. |Your outbound links with some of the basic factors and variables that tell the search engine’s rankings for your relative keywords, and can therefore be used in a web site’s content. |Defining SEO Terminology META Web developers use this to get your site targeted at a specific problem to solve or they are the main page for the bad or for the articles. |The most relevant and high quality content, on the page. |And it’s really not that important. |But we are covered there as well. |Service providers range from free services to a problem with your site, not feeling as though i was invited purposely to buy something. |THINGS TO-DO Keywords – Make sure your keywords as the anchor text. |Start to suffer if you will, a person with an acne problem going to click on another website in the context of what that article is about. |I didn’t really discuss these in detail, but I am including them in as you build, edit, and market your website. |Ppc services The dedicated and the description that shows up under the title that appears as a number of factors like: How competitive is your website? |The title of your site. |||||||||||||||||||||||||}

    条评论 由 singapore seo — 2012年12月6日 @ 23:42

  43. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossip and net stuff and this is actually annoying. A good blog with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for making this website, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters? I Can not find it.

    条评论 由 http://youtube.com/watch?v=xbL01vfSggg — 2013年01月7日 @ 14:39

  44. As a website owner I believe the subject matter here is reallyexcellent. I thank you for your time. You should keep it up forever! Best of luck…

    条评论 由 http://youtube.com/watch?v=xbL01vfSggg — 2013年01月9日 @ 01:33


RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s

%d 博主赞过: