我的眼睛看世界

2011年12月6日

所谓的小剧场话剧问题

Filed under: 言论 — gcd0318 @ 00:25

首先要说的就是,戏和观众的问题,不会因为是在小剧场还是大礼堂而不同,有问题也是戏、戏剧人和观众的问题,和是不是小剧场无关。但是有些人喜欢用这个名词,其实也只是为了强调“草根民间非主流”这个属性而已,所以姑且沿用。我对传统戏曲比较熟悉,所以姑且拿这些作为例子说事,其实所有的被叫做“艺术”而且要见人的东西,都有这个问题,书画尚且如此,更何况戏曲和话剧
民间戏剧其实一点也不低俗,至少不是“既低又俗”。虽然这两个字经常连用,但是低和俗真不是一回事,低是价值判断问题,俗是审美取向问题。或者说,俗基本上不是问题,只不过是特征而以,允许俗,一定意义上还可以鼓励俗,因为俗代表了大众化,贴近生活。但是不能“低”,宣扬什么,讽刺什么,通过什么形式,这就有了问题。和昆曲比京剧就是俗,和京剧比梆子就是俗,和红楼梦的生活相比,水浒的生活就是俗,但是这些都不低,都是高的,所以都应该有一块自留地。或者说,“低俗”系列的,应该还有“高俗(比如大部分民间传统地方戏),高雅,低雅(比如白先勇的几乎所有作品)”三个选择。具体到我的标准,凡是沾了“低”的,就要反对,而无论这个“低”的外面包的是雅还是俗
有些小剧场戏剧的水平也确实不高,这里头有从业人员水平,也有观众的欣赏水平。其中后者,其实也就是前面的低俗问题的翻版,而前者,还真不是问题,不会可以学,水平低可以练,当然了,那些水平不高还自我感觉不错的,那是另外的事了
再就是一定的混乱,有审美标准的混乱,演出形式的混乱,还有组织结构的混乱。其实依我看,只要价值取向不混乱(也就是不弄错“高低”问题),都不叫事,由着自生自灭罢了
而民间戏剧的问题,恰好就出在(故意)混淆“低”和“俗”,对上获取不应得的同情,对下迎合“低”的价值观和判断尺度,不过可别忘了,当年小杨月楼唱封神榜,讲的是邪不胜正,要说思想性绝对正确,但是在台上脱衣服到只剩下敏感部位不露点,那照样取缔,就算是芭蕾舞,光着屁股跳的也属于粉戏

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