我的眼睛看世界

2011年02月15日

其实他们是在立法和维权

Filed under: 科普 — gcd0318 @ 02:45

宿舍里住了4个人,其中只有A抽烟,BCD都不抽烟,于是四个人对于抽烟问题展开了讨论。BCD的依据是,人人都有权享受新鲜空气,所以A 应该为宿舍买空气净化剂,而A则认为人人都可以在宿舍里做任何不违法的事,所以BCD三个人如果看到只有A抽烟觉得利益受到侵害,也可以一起抽,如果BCD要限制A抽烟,那么A有权力要求赔偿,或者BCD自己去买空气净化剂。换句话说,BCD要求A“买”新鲜空气让BCD使用,而A要求BCD买新鲜空气BCD使用,或者对A不能抽烟而受到的“损害”(烟瘾发作的痛苦)进行赔偿——双方都在捍卫某些权益
其实这里的矛盾很简单,不是抽烟不抽烟的“权益问题”,而是到底应该由谁出钱买净化剂的“利益问题”,这才导致他们选择了不同的立场:A认为人人都有“抽烟自由”,而BCD则认为“抽烟不应该是自由”
OK,故事说到这就可以了,比如言论自由这样的无聊问题已经解释清楚了:A看到隔壁的E抽烟没人管,自然很羡慕,殊不知那是因为和E一个宿舍的FGH也都抽烟
很多叫嚣各种自由的人,其实都只不过是这个A而已
一般情况下,说到这也就足够了,但是其实,这个故事还是可以再往下说一点的:ABCD进行投票表决,少数服从多数,结果自然毫无疑问:A的抽烟权被剥夺了,并且由此确立了一条宿舍规定:任何人在宿舍享受新鲜空气的权益不得受到侵犯——他们在立法了
但是很快,新问题出现了:BCD的袜子很臭,而A袜子不臭,于是A要求BCD按照宿舍规定,还他“享受新鲜空气”的权力。这次,继续投票表决,少数服从多数,然后……出台了“宿舍规范修正案”,认为,虽然人人都有权享受新鲜空气,这个权益不得受到侵犯,但是臭袜子却不构成污染空气的污染源——这就是所谓的“解释权”
呵呵,因为总原则就是投票确立的,所以投票本身就是在扯淡

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